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The reality is that modern shipping is an industrial operation comprising a complex web of logistics, thousands upon thousands of transactions, multi-million dollar deals, and billions of dollars' worth of cargo.










































Maritime Governance and Policy Making

Michael Roe

Springer-Verlag, London, 2013 (First edition), pp. 442


The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, Elsevier BV







The nature of Maritime Policy and the role of public affairs on the governance of maritime matters are popular topics in the field. Theories and perspectives on maritime policy are dynamic and they are revised by the ever-changing environment of maritime industry and the globalisation factor. Through the maritime policy debate, the function of national and international organisations is not well suited under the inconsistency of flag state and the ruler (public power for ensuring safety, security, environmental protection, among others) (i.e. market vs hierarchy). Therefore, the flag-out phenomenon has dramatically separated the Flags of Convenience (FOCs) and the conventional flag state governance. The emergence of FOCs has brought us a new kind of flag state management with a professional business-like manner.


In the last few decades, the function of flag states has almost changed and maritime industry welcomed the new style with the rise of globalisation. There are a number of lessons learnt from the FOC experience: First, the public affairs and private industry cannot be easily synchronised since maritime industry is mostly an offshore business; second, public affairs have limited power on ruling maritime industry unless it is agreed by an international organisation (e.g. IMO)(usually, but not always); and finally, maritime business entities are more of a homo-economicus rather than flag-waver. Therefore, public institutions are expected to focus on practicality of legislation more than the content of large volume of regulations. A recent example is the Motorways of the Sea project of the European Union. “Motorways of the Sea” has been very useful and improving idea in theoretical basis while it is mostly failed in practice. Shipping companies are private institutions with their own commercial motivations and the EU is not kind of a socialist organisation.


In the middle of maritime policy debates, Michael Roe (Plymouth University) has played a significant role on intellectual contribution in the field and he has several published papers on the governance of maritime matters. Finally, Professor Roe composed a seminal publication, “Maritime Governance and Policy Making” which covers a wide range of topics in the field and provokes in-depth discussions on the failures of maritime governance practice. The book is not only a reference for maritime policy issues, but it is also a concise source of intellectual discussions on policy making, governance and political philosophy of maritime affairs.


Available online at ScienceDirect.
















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